Sri Harmandir Saheb Panorama
Sri Harmandir Sahib, also known as Sri Darbar Sahib or Golden Temple, (on account of its scenic beauty and golden coating for English speaking world), is named right after Hari(God) the temple of God. The Sikhs all over the world, day-to-day want to spend pay a visit to to Sri Amritsar and to pay obeisance at Sri Harmandir Sahib in their Ardas.
Guru Arjan Sahib, the Fifth Nanak, conceived the idea of creating a central place of worship for the Sikhs and he himself created the architecture of Sri Harmandir Sahib. Earlier the planning to excavate the holy tank (Amritsar or Amrit Sarovar ) was chalked out by Guru Amardas Sahib, the Third Nanak, but it was executed by Guru Ramdas Sahib below the supervision of Baba Budha ji. The land for the web site was acquired by the earlier Guru Sahibs on payment or cost-free of price from the Zamindars (landlords) of native villages. The strategy to establish a town settlement was also created. As a result, the building function on the Sarovar(the tank) and the town started simultaneously in 1570. The perform on both projects completed in 1577 A.D.
Guru Arjan Sahib got its foundation laid by a muslim saint Hazrat Mian Mir ji of Lahore on 1st of Magh, 1645 Bikrmi Samvat(December,1588). The building operate was straight supervised by Guru Arjan Sahib himself and he was assisted by the prominent Sikh personalities like Baba Budha ji, Bhai Gurdas ji, Bhai Sahlo ji and numerous other devoted Sikhs.
As opposed to erecting the structure on the larger level(a tradition in Hindu Temple architecture), Guru Arjan Sahib got it built on the reduce level and in contrast to Hindu Temples possessing only a single gate for the entrance and exit, Guru Sahib got it open from four sides. Hence he produced a symbol of new faith, Sikhism. Guru Sahib made it accessible to each and every particular person with no any distinction of Caste, creed, sex and religion.
The developing operate completed in 1601 A.D. on Bhadoon Sudi 1st, 1661 Bikrmi Samvat (August/September,1604). Guru Arjan Sahib installed newly designed Guru Granth Sahib, in Sri Harmandir Sahib and appointed Baba Budha ji as its first Granthi i.e. the reader of Guru Granth Sahib. Soon after this event it attained the status of ‘Ath Sath Tirath’. Now the Sikh Nation had their own Tirath, a pilgrimage center
Sri Harmandir Sahib, is constructed on a 67ft. square platform in the centre of the Sarovar(tank). The temple itself is 40.5ft. square. It has a door each on the East, West, North and South. The Darshani Deori (an arch) stands at the shore finish of the causeway. The door frame of the arch is about 10ft in height and 8ft 6inches in breath. The door panes are decorated with artistic style. It opens on to the causeway or bridge that leads to the principal creating of Sri Harmandir Sahib. It is 202 feet in length and 21 feet in width.
The bridge is connected with the 13 feet wide ‘Pardakshna’ (circumambulatory path). It runs round the principal shrine and it leads to the ‘Har ki Paure’ (actions of God). On the initial floor of ‘Har ki Paure’, there is continuous reading of Guru Granth Sahib.
The principal structure of Sri Harmandir Sahib, functionally as nicely as technically is a 3-storied one. The front, which faces the bridge, is decorated with repeated cusped arches and the roof of the 1st floor is at the height of the 26 feet and 9 inches.
At the best of the initial floor four feet high parapet rises on all the sides which has also four ‘Mamtees’ on the 4 corners and specifically on the top of the central hall of the main sanctuary rises the third story. It is a modest square area and have 3 gates. A regular recitation of Guru Granth Sahib is also held there.
On the leading of this room stands the low fluted ‘Gumbaz’(dome) having lotus petal motif in relief at the base inverted lotus at the best which supports the ‘Kalash’ getting a lovely ‘Chhatri’ at the finish.
Its architecture represents a special harmony amongst the Muslims and the Hindus way of construction function and this is deemed the best architectural specimens of the planet. It is often quoted that this architecture has designed an independent Sikh school of architecture in the history of art in India.
By ByChoice FOTOcreative on 2008-10-12 14:16:12