God’s Story – Abraham

IMG_0602C Meindert Hobbema. 1638-1709. Amsterdam. Le chemin dans la forêt. The path in the forest. Paris Petit Palais (Musée des Beaux Arts de la Ville de Paris)
Meindert Hobbema. 1638-1709. Amsterdam.
Le chemin dans la forêt. The path in the forest.
Paris Petit Palais (Musée des Beaux Arts de la Ville de Paris)
Elève de Jacob van Ruisdael il a inspiré les peintres de Barbizon.
Pupil of Jacob van Ruisdael he inspired the painters of Barbizon.

LA PEINTURE EUROPEENNE : UNE HISTOIRE EN IMAGE ( 3 )

L’Europe a connu dans son histoire plusieurs ruptures de valeurs spirituelles et morales, et de civilisations, dont l’Art, et la peinture en particulier, témoignent très clairement. Quatre ruptures plus ou moins brutales et plus ou moins sensibles :
– La fin de la civilisation gréco-romaine et l’avènement du christianisme. (1)
– La &quotRenaissance&quot (two)
– La &quotRéforme&quot (3)
– Les &quotLumières&quot (four)
A chacun de ces stades, l’art européen – la peinture en particulier- a changé, plus ou moins vite, plus ou moins profondément.

A partir du 16è siècle la &quotRéforme&quot donne naissance à une troisième grande rupture de civilisation dans l’histoire de l’Europe. La Réforme a des dimensions et des implications qui ne sont pas seulement culturelles, mais aussi politiques et économiques. Surtout la Réforme concerne les peuples, très directement, dans leur vie quotidienne. Les peuples sont contraints par leurs élites de changer de religion, et en partie de morale. Globalement parlant c’est aussi une rupture entre l’Europe du Nord – non colonisée par les romains- et l’Europe du sud. L’Europe Slave à l’est est un peu moins concernée. Pas du tout si on s’avance plus vers l’Est.
Le protestantisme fait indéniablement partie de l’idéologie chrétienne, et participe des mêmes sources sémitiques. Mais ce tronc commun cache de considérables différences dans la vision du monde, la conception de l’homme et de la société. Le protestantisme renoue avec l’Ancien Testament. Le protestantisme emprunte beaucoup de ses références au Judaïsme. D’où un conflit explosif et meurtrier avec le catholicisme et l’orthodoxie. Contrairement à la légende, toujours bien vivante, les catholiques (les papistes !) ne sont pas les seuls responsables de la rupture ! La responsabilité est évidemment totalement partagée.
Une des différences, absolument majeure, décisive en terme de culture, entre le catholicisme et l’orthodoxie d’une component, et les protestantismes et le judaïsme d’autre portion, est la considération et l’importance accordées à la Richesse et à la Réussite sociale.
L’Ancien Testament, qui inspire le Judaïsme, mais aussi beaucoup les Protestantismes, accorde à la réussite financière et sociale de l’homme, une très grande significance. Cette réussite est même considérée comme une preuve, ou au moins une sérieuse présomption, de l’élection divine, et de la Grâce de Dieu. Il y a bien sûr des circumstances, qui ne sont pas annexes : Job a du prouver sa foi malgré les coups du sort qui lui étaient infligés. L’homme riche, puissant et heureux est l’homme protégé par les Dieux. C’est une très vieille conception des rapports entre l’homme et les divinités qui était aussi une constante des religions polythéistes et animistes.
Par contre, la réussite matérielle, sur terre, en ce &quotbas monde&quot, comprise comme une porte ouverte sur le paradis dans le ciel, ce n’est pas du tout un enseignement des Evangiles. Au contraire, pour les Evangiles, le Catholicisme et l’Orthodoxie, c’est très clairement la pauvreté qui est une porte grande ouverte sur le Royaume des Cieux. Le Nouveau Testament est très clairement en rupture avec l’Ancien sur ce point.
La différence est absolument fondamentale. Toute la conception du monde, de l’homme, de la société, en est profondément modifiée.
Le changement de point de vue sur le monde et l’homme, qui résulte de la Réforme, apparaît dans la peinture, très clairement, avec l’art du siècle d’or (17è) des Pays Bas du Nord qui, contrairement à l’Allemagne, ont adopté un protestantisme de tendance calviniste. Un art à l’évidence réaliste, naturaliste, matérialiste. Un art qui célèbre, magnifiquement, le monde des hommes, ses richesses, ses paysages, ses fleurs, ses légumes, ses harengs, ses homards et ses fromages.
Même si, parfois, le peintre place une tête de mort à côté des écrevisses et du verre de vin. La tête de mort ne contrebalance pas vraiment l’effet produit par le buffet abondamment garni.
En dehors des Pays Bas la peinture européenne demeure très orientée par l’idéologie catholique et l’esprit humaniste apparu à la fin du 15è et au début du 16è siècle. Les tableaux ont donc essentiellement pour thème la religion et la mythologie ou l’histoire de l’antiquité. La peinture de moeurs, le paysage ont leur place, mais elle demeure relativement mineure.

LA PEINTURE EUROPEENNE : A STORY IN Image ( 3 )

In its history, Europe has knowledgeable several failures of its spiritual and moral values. A number of ruptures of civilizations, whose the Art, and painting in particular, demonstrate quite clearly. Four breaks, much more or significantly less brutal and much more or much less sensitive:
-The end of the Greco-Roman civilization and the advent of Christianity. (1)
-The &quotRenaissance&quot (two)
-The &quotReform&quot (three)
-The &quotLights&quot (4)
At every of these stages, the European art – painting in specific – has changed, far more or less speedily, much more or less deeply

As from 16th century, the &quotReform&quot gives birth to a third significant rupture of civilization in the history of Europe. The Reform has dimensions and implications that are not only cultural but also political and financial. Specially the Reform concerns the men and women really straight in their daily lives. The peoples are forced by their elites to change their religion, and partly their everyday morality. Normally speaking it is also a rupture in between northern Europe – not colonized by romains- and southern Europe. The Slave Europe, East, is a small less concerned. Not at all if we advance additional east.
Protestantism is undeniably component of the Christian ideology, and took part of the exact same Semitic sources. But this frequent core, hides considerable variations in the vision of the world, in the conception of human and society. Protestantism returns to the Old Testament. Protestantism borrows a lot of references to Judaism. Where an explosive and deadly conflict with Catholicism and Orthodoxy. Contrary to legend, still alive, Catholics (the Papists!) Are not solely responsible for the break! The responsibility is of course entirely shared.
One of the differences, definitely significant, decisive in terms of culture, among Catholicism and Orthodoxy on the 1 hand, and Protestantism and Judaism on the other hand, is the consideration and importance attached to the Walth and social Achievement.
The Old Testament, which inspires Judaism, but also the a lot of Protestantisms, attached tot the economic and social success of man, quite wonderful significance. This success is even regarded as proof, or at least a severe presumption, of divine election, and the Grace of God. There are of course conditions, not annexes: Job had to prove her faith regardless of the blows of fate inflicted upon him. The man rich, powerful and content is the man protected by the gods. This is a very old conception of the relationship in between man and the gods. It is a very old conception of the relations between man and deities which was also a continual of the polytheistic and animist religions.
By against, the material good results, on Earth, in this &quotlowly globe&quot, understood as an open door to paradise in heaven, this is not a teaching of the Gospels. On the contrary, to the Gospels, Catholicism and Orthodoxy, it is really clear that poverty is a main open door to the Kingdom of Heaven. The New Testament is really clear a break with the ancien on this point.
The distinction is totally basic. Any planet view, of man, of society, is profoundly changed.
The alter of perspective on the world and mankindthat resulting from the Reformation, seems in the painting, quite clearly, with the art of the Golden Age (17 th Century) of the Northern Low Countries (Netherland) which, unlike Germany, adopted a Calvinist Protestantism trend. An art certainly realistic, naturalistic, materialistic. An art that celebrates, beautifully, the world of males, its wealth, its landscapes, its flowers, its vegetables, its herring, its lobsters and its cheeses.
Even though often the painter draws a skull next to crayfish and the glass of wine. The skull does not actually offset the impact created bey the abundantly stocked buffet.
Outside the Netherlands, the European painting remains highly oriented by the Catholic ideology and the humanist spirit that emerged at the end of the 15th and the beginning of the 16th century. The tables consequently have basically the theme of religion and mythology or history of antiquity. The painting of manners, the landscape have their location, but it remains fairly minor.

By jean louis mazieres on 2017-03-08 12:16:46
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50 thoughts on “God’s Story – Abraham”

  1. I love it…Finns use it, tomorrow, during Vacation Bible School…facts, and fun, to keep the teens amattentive, and amused…pretty clever

  2. Sara was his wife, also his half sister. He rented her out to Pharaoh, and got paid big bucks. When Pharaoh found out she was Abraham’s wife he told them to leave Egypt, which they did. Abraham did not forget to pack up all his earnings, however. He was a pimp, she was a prostitute. Read the bible, don’t watch cartoons.

  3. Sure is encouraging to see agnostics and others attack the stories of the Bible because it means you know there is something there and you are searching as I was one day and then I opened my heart to God! When you really learn about God and His creation and His true purpose for His creation and believe it your eyes & heart are opened! God’s word is true like it or not and we will all have to give an account to Him one day!

  4. Ah yes, Yahweh, one of the many "gods" of the Sumerian pantheon of "gods".

    If people knew what this Yahweh being really looked like, they’d probably collapse in shock. Hint: what type of animal was used to describe Moses’ staff?

  5. wow what a bunch of stupid comments. hmm and non-christians say that Christians are uninformed, God never acutely had anyone kill anyone however, what about abortion should we tell our kids the whole truth about that? that it’s okay to painfully chop up baby’s who have no say in the matter because it’s "a woman’s choice". bottom line is this people honestly believe that evil is good and that good is evil just like God said would happen and if you do not turn away from your own sin and confess that Jesus is Lord you will condem yourself. I pray for you because I was once like you but consider God you cannot explain so much without him like time or space… be honest with yourself the hatred that you have for God, the Bible and Christians comes from the Devil otherwise why would you even care?

  6. Very helpful when studying Islam (I’m agnostic but acknowledge positive sides of religion.) Maybe you should have mentioned building Kaba, though?

  7. These illustrations are so sweet! Do you suppose that in Abraham’s time, a "year" was actually 6 months? Thus, when Sarah laughed upon conceiving Isaac, she’d have been 45 rather than 90.

  8. Ahh? you forgot about Abraham boinking he’s slave and having a children with them and you forgot about his other wives. If you are gonna tell at least tell the truth as it is written. This is to Gavin Henderson regarding showing this to your "School Kids", "Way to Brainwash the Children". And you wonder why it’s so easy to follow a fanatic. Things that make you go hmm?

  9. Nice fairytale to brainwash the children.
    The truth is that the primitive people made up God and thought a peasant’s attempt to murder his son on a mountain was the best way to establish a communication link with their invisible God, who taught them how buy slaves, how to enslave children, how beat the slaves, how to pass the slaves on to the next generation as inheritance, how to kill unruly children, how to kill non-virgin brides, and how to slaughter an entire nation including their infants and animals.

  10. FOR all of you talking about the ”you forgots” is probably on purpose! so it can be more appriote for kids ^_^ ! ! ! ! !

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