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An educational animation which recounts the 4 voyages of Columbus. Hope you take pleasure in!
Bibliography at bottom of description
AUTHOR’S NOTE: This video is meant to give a non-bias account of the occasions which unfolded when Columbus and his crew produced make contact with with the people of the Caribbean. Of program, I was not in a position to match every little thing into the video I had to omit specifics, such as the fact that the Taino had been not the only individuals that Columbus encountered (there were also the Ciguayo tribe and Carib cannibals). A 2nd certain is that not all fault should lie immediately on Columbus’ shoulders. His crew of 1,200 for the 2nd journey consisted partly of convicts and landless nobles, the worst sort of people with which to develop a settlement. Another fact is that Columbus grew up in societies (Genoa, then Portugal) that stored domestic slaves.
I have no political agenda for producing this video. I am a student of history and I have experimented with to give an account of Columbus’ journeys that is as close as we can probably get to the truth.
I will I admit that I am not a fan of Columbus. I think he was cruel, even for his time. We are not able to judge a 15th-century human from a 21st-century point of view but even for the 15th century, he was an terrible arbiter.
Bergreen, Laurence. Columbus: The 4 Voyages. Viking Penguin, 2011.
Carman, Harry J., and Harold C. Syrett. A History of the American People. Vol. one. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1952.
Fernandez-Armesto, Felipe. 1492 The 12 months the Planet Began. Harper Collins e-books, 2009.
Hale, Edward E. The Existence of Christopher Columbus from His Very own Letters and Journals. Rockville, Maryland: Arc Manor, 2008.
Haywood, John. Historical Atlas of the Medieval Globe. New York: Metro Books, 2000.
Jotischky, Andrew, and Caroline Hull. Historical Atlas of the Medieval World. London: The Penguin Group, 2005.
Loewen, James, Lies My Instructor Informed Me: Everything Your American Background Textbook Got Wrong. New York: Touchstone, 1995.
Lybyer, A. H., “The Ottoman Turks and the Routes of Oriental Trade,” The English Historical Overview, Vol. 30, No. 120. (Oct., 1915), pp. 577-588.
Mann, Charles. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Prior to Columbus. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.
Morison, Samuel Eliot. Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Existence of Christopher Columbus. Boston: Tiny Brown and Co. 1942.
Phillips, William & Phillips, Carla, The Worlds of Christopher Columbus. Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Pickering, Keith. The Columbus Navigation Homepage. http://www.columbusnavigation.com/cctl.shtml
Pohl, John. The Conquistador: 1492-1550. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2001
Sale, Kirkpatrick. Christopher Columbus and the Conquest of Paradise. London: Tauris Parke Paperbacks, 2006.
Scafetta, Joesph Jr. Columbus and the Indians: Buddy of Foe? http://www.osia.org/documents/Columbus_FriendorFoe.pdf
The Most Important Maps Since the Dawn of Printing, Element I: Tradition and Innovation. Arader Galleries.
Udovitch, A. L. ‘”Levant Trade in the Later Middle Ages'”, The American Historical Evaluation, Vol. 91, No. 1 (Feb., 1986), 92.
Varela, C. Cristobal Colon: Textos y Documentos Completos. Madrid: Alianza, 1984.
Vignaud, Henry. “Columbus: A Spaniard and a Jew”, The American Historical Overview, Vol. 18, No. 3 (April, 1913), pp. 505-512.
Wilford, John Noble. The Mysterious Historical past of Christopher Columbus: An Exploration of the Guy, the Myth, the Legacy. (1991)
Youthful, Filson. Christopher Columbus and the New Globe of His Discovery. Vol. six. London: E. Grant Richards, 1906.
No. 274 Delaware Avenue
As soon as the Hotel Touraine, now the Touraine Apartments.
Nos. 262 – 274, Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, New York.
Designed by architects Esenwein & Johnson.
Built 1902 in the Gothic Revival fashion featuring Venetian Gothic Revival arches.
4-story annex extra (also by Esenwein & Johnson) in 1923.
Converted to residential apartments in 1982.
More than the Canadian Thanksgiving/ Columbus Day (in the U.S.) prolonged weekend, I met up with Eridony (Brandon) in Buffalo, New York. It was the third time that Brandon and I met up.
Buffalo is a city in western New York state on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, it really is situated about 17 miles (27 kms) south of Niagara Falls. During the 19th century and up to the 1950s, Buffalo was a boom town and a main industrial and transportation hub due to its area along the Erie Canal, railroads and Lake Erie. Among the 1860s and 1910s, Buffalo really ranked as the leading 10 largest cities in the U.S. (Thanks for that information, Brandon!) In the course of that time period, Buffalo developed many extraordinary public and personal buildings, numerous of which have survived till these days.
Buffalo had suffered decades of economic and population decline, but in the past 10 years, appears to be recovering really gradually.
By Canadian Pacific on 2017-10-08 14:11:57
I am an writer and a professional speaker. I travel all above the world speaking on the subjects of Motivating and Retaining your Staff, Developing Client and Employee Loyalty, and Regenerating the Spirit in your Workplace. A number of many years ago I was asked to talk to 3000 staff of a massive supermarket chain in the Midwest, an experience which led to one particular of the most heartwarming blessings of my whole speaking profession.
Lately in my presentations I have been focusing on the notion of “Including a Personal Signature to your Operate.” With all the downsizing, re-engineering, overpowering technological changes, and pressure, I believe it is important for every of us to uncover a way we can genuinely truly feel great about ourselves and our jobs, and 1 of the most potent techniques to do this is to do some thing that differentiates you from all the other men and women who do the identical thing you do.
Some of the examples I share are a United airlines pilot who, right after every thing is underneath handle in the cockpit, goes to the computer and at random selects many folks on board the flight and handwrites them a thank you note for their organization. A graphic artist I function with often encloses a piece of sugarless gum in every little thing he sends his consumers, so you never ever throw anything at all from him away! A Northwest Airlines baggage attendant made a decision that his personal signature would be to gather all the luggage tags that fall off customer’s suitcases, which in the previous have been simply tossed in the garbage, and in his cost-free time he sends them back with a note thanking them for flying Northwest. A senior manager with whom I worked determined that his personalized signature would be that whenever he sends his workers a memo with information that he knows they will not like very significantly, he staples a piece of kleenex to the corner of the memo!
My personal signatures are evident during my presentation — no matter exactly where I am speaking in the world, I often line the walls of the area or ballroom with several bright-colored, laminated flip charts of quotations in my handwriting that relate to the topic of the presentation. Some are intellectual, some are humorous, some are spiritual, and some are just widespread wisdom. It not only sets a fantastic, relaxed, colorful environment for studying, but it also enhances the understanding due to the fact folks discover ideas which appeal to them to get away as a reminder of the message.
I also give to every single audience member a small card that says on the front, “Thank you for CARE-ing” with a image of a CARE package deal. On the back it says, “Spread Contagious Enthusiasm–Pass It Along,” and I ask them to give the card to an individual who helps make a variation in their daily life inside the following 48 hours. Following sharing numerous other examples of how individuals add their exclusive spirit to their jobs, my challenge to them is to get their innovative juices going to come up with their Own imaginative personal signature. Since I am also a author, I usually give my home phone number to absolutely everyone in the audience, encouraging them to get in touch with me and allow me know what they have made the decision to do so that I can share it with others in my speaking and writing.
About 3 weeks after I had spoken to the supermarket personnel, my cellphone rang late 1 afternoon. The individual on the line advised me that his title was Johnny and that he was a bagger in one particular of the retailers. He also advised me that he was a Down’s Syndrome man or woman. He stated, “Barbara, I liked what you mentioned!” Then he went on to tell me how when he’d gone house that evening, he asked his Dad to educate him to use the personal computer.
He stated they set it up in 3 columns, and every evening now when he goes house, he finds a “thought for the day.” He mentioned, “If I cannot find a single I like, I believe one particular up!” Then he and his Dad variety it into the pc, 9 occasions on a webpage, and they print out at least 200 pages every single night. Then he cuts them out, indicators his identify on the back of every single one, and the following day “with flourish,” he puts a thought for the day in every person’s groceries he bags, including his very own individual signature in a heartwarming, fun, and creative way.
A single month later the manager of the retailer named me. He explained, “Barbara, you won’t believe what happened today. . . . . When I went out on the floor this morning, the line at Johnny’s checkout was three occasions longer than any other line!” He said, “I went ballistic, yelling, ‘Get much more lanes open! Get a lot more men and women out right here,’ but the consumers said, ‘No no! We want to be in Johnny’s lane — we want the thought for the day!’ “
He stated one particular female even came up and informed him, “I only employed to shop once a week, and now I come in each and every time I go by since I want the considered for the day!” (Imagine what that does to the bottom line . . . .) He ended by saying, “Who do you feel is the most important particular person in our entire keep?” Johnny, of course!
Three months later on he named me once more, “You and Johnny have transformed our retailer! Now in the floral division when they have a broken flower or an unused corsage, they go out on the floor and discover an elderly woman or a little lady and pin it on them. A single of our meat packers loves Snoopy, so he purchased 50,000 Snoopy stickers, and every single time he packages a piece of meat, he puts a Snoopy sticker on it. We are possessing so significantly exciting, and our customers are getting so significantly exciting!” THAT is spirit in the workplace!
It by no means ceases to amaze me each time I tell this lovely story how small it requires to regenerate the spirit in a workplace. Johnny took what a lot of of us may well think about to be a not extremely crucial task and he manufactured it important by adding his very own personal signature. My challenge and yours — if younger Johnny can do it, there is no purpose why each and every 1 of us can not do it, too. Think about the new spirit of self-esteem, dedication, and entertaining which could permeate our locations of operate if we every single, like Johnny, discovered a way to add our particular, special touch to our occupation!
This story is excerpted from “CARE Packages for the Workplace–Dozens of Tiny Issues You Can Do to Regenerate Spirit at Perform” by Barbara A. Glanz, McGraw-Hill 1996.
“CARE Packages for the Workplace – Dozens of Minor Factors You Can Do to Regenerate Spirit at Perform” is obtainable at http://barbaraglanz.com.